How to Distinguish from Similar Species: Of anemones with a red column, Urticina lofotensis and U. columbiana have white tubercles arranged in rows. U. crassicornis may have a red column (usually with some green) but it does not accumulate sand and gravel and its tentacles usually have broad cross-bands. Urticina piscivora also has a red column but its inconspicuous tubercles do not accumulate sand and gravel. Cribrinopsis fernaldi has spherules at the margin of the oral disk and its tentacles have fine dark red zigzag bands across them. Most of the other red-columned anemones do not bury in sand or gravel.
Geographical Range: Alaska to southern California; Europe (circumpolar)
Depth Range: Low intertidal to 45 m
Habitat: Buried in coarse sand or gravel in tidepools, subtidal, may be on rock walls subtidally.
History: This species
usually is attached to a rock below the sediment with only the oral
exposed, or subtidal individuals may be attached directly to a rock and
not living in sediment. Predators include the leather
imbricata. This species may be a
Flora and Fairbanks, 1967 (as Tealia coriacea)
Kozloff 1987, 1996
Smith and Carlton, 1975 (as Tealia coriacea)
General Notes and
abundances, unusual behaviors:
This species typically buries in the sediment. The sides
of the column
have small tubercles
(not lined up in rows) that are of similar color as the column.
Some of the tubercles
adhere to shell fragments or other materials. Photo by Dave Cowles,
Authors and Editors of Page:
Dave Cowles (2008): Created original page
CSS coding for page developed by Jonathan Cowles (2007)