How to Distinguish from Similar Species: Of the bryozoans with erect branching colony and a biserial row of zooecia, Crisia pugeti and Crisia serrulata have an ooeciostome that is curved or bent forward. Crisia maxima has straight ooeciostomes the branches, rather than bending toward one another or ending with spikelike projections at their tips, are straight with long internodes. This species closely resembles Crisia eburnea from the Atlantic.
Geographical Range: Abundant in San Francisco Bay. Found at least from Los Angeles to Puget Sound. Reported from Jamaica (but see note above on C. eburnea)
Biology/Natural History: Cyclostome bryozoans are mostly marine, have tubular, calcareous zooecia, and the aperture is usually circular. They have no operculum. Embryos develop in ovicells which are seen as swellings on the colony. The current created by the cilia in this species is surprisingly strong. I watched particles from a distance of 4-5x the length of the lophophore tentacles become entrained in the current, drawn toward the tentacles, and blown away again, all within about 1/2 second. This species does not have a long planktonic stage.
Kozloff 1987, 1996
Smith and Carlton, 1975
Wollacott, Robet M. and Wheeler J. North, 1971. Bryozoans of California and northern Mexico kelp beds. pp. 455-479 in North, Wheeler J. (ed.), The Biology of Giant Kelp Beds (Macrocystis) in California. Beihefts zur Nova Hedwigia Heft 32. Publisher: J. Cramer, Lehre, Germany.
General Notes and Observations: Locations, abundances, unusual behaviors:
Authors and Editors of Page:
Dave Cowles (2006): Created original page